How to Introduce Your Kids to China With a Chinese New Year Celebration
Does your family like to experience other cultures and try new foods?
Make some noise and ring in Chinese New Year with a bang, no matter where you live.
In this article, I’ll share 5 ways we celebrate the Lunar New Year in China and show you how to hold your own celebration with your kids (including a recipe they’ll love)—no plane ticket required!
Why Celebrate Chinese New Year?
Share the world with your kids. While they may be able to see just about anything on the Internet, those images don’t always give the whole picture. Teaching kids about cultures and customs from around the world provides some context.
Activities like celebrating Chinese New Year will give them a taste of what life is like for kids just like them in other countries and help them grow up to be better global citizens.
Plus, Chinese New Year is really cool. It’s loud, bright and exciting… and delicious!
In 2014, the Chinese New Year will be celebrated January 30-31. Why not celebrate with your family?
New Year is the biggest holiday of the year in Asian countries, much like Christmas is for many families in the western hemisphere. It’s a weeklong festival full of rich and interesting traditions.
Why doesn’t it fall on January 1? The Chinese New Year (also called the Lunar New Year) is based on a calendar that was in use long before the Gregorian calendar—today’s global standard—was even created. The lunar calendar follows phases of the moon instead of the sun, and its New Year falls “two dark moons after the winter solstice,” or around the end of January.
Each Chinese New Year is symbolized by an animal that embodies specific traits and characteristics, giving it special meaning. 2014 is the Year of the Horse, which symbolizes hard work, independence and adventure—all important values to instill in your kids.
China has many varied New Year traditions, each with a special meaning and role in the overall holiday celebration. In most families, adult children go to their parents’ or in-laws’ homes to spend New Year’s Eve together.
Here are a few of those traditions, and some ways you can celebrate with your family.
Firecrackers are the most important part of the Chinese New Year celebration. They are believed to scare away any spirits living in the house, making the home clean and pure for the coming year.
And they must be set off before the celebratory meal that is the central feature of the New Year holiday.
Fireworks are a huge part of the festival, with people setting them off at all hours of the day and night for the whole seven days of the holiday.
Many large cities have banned firecrackers and fireworks, so the atmosphere is livelier in smaller towns and villages where fewer regulations are in place.
Beijing’s fireworks mark the Chinese new year.
A big, loud display of fireworks or firecrackers would probably be frowned upon where you live, too, so to celebrate this aspect of Chinese New Year, you and your kids can make some Chinese firecracker decorations.
Families hang couplets or “chun lian” (two lines of poetry that rhyme) outside their doors to bring luck to the family and all who enter the home. Like the firecrackers, these are hung outside the home’s entrance before the large New Year’s meal.
Couplets are red banners that include two verses of poetry. One is hung to the left of your front door and the other on the right. There’s also a four-character (four-word) scroll to hang across the top.
The Chinese language is written in characters, not letters. One character represents a whole word rather than a sound, like a letter does. They are traditionally written from top to bottom instead of left to right. That’s why the couplet banners are vertical.
Couplets are often hand-written by older people who sell them before the holidays.
Here’s a couplet that you can print and hang on your front door to celebrate Chinese New Year.
Large meals bring families together for Chinese New Year just as they do for holidays in many cultures. And I do mean a large meal. Most families gather for lunch or dinner and share a meal with at least a dozen dishes, but probably many, many more!
Later in the evening on New Year’s Eve, families start making and eating dumplings (Jiaozi), while watching a televised gala as they wait to ring in the New Year at midnight with fireworks. While millions of families make dumplings, many more do not. Depending on which part of the country they’re from, they may make steamed bread, steamed buns or spring rolls instead.
As they watch the latest comedy sketches and listen to stars perform their latest hits, the whole family pitches in to make dozens of dumplings long into the night. From chopping the veggies and stirring up the filling ingredients to kneading the dough and rolling out the wrappers, everyone is assigned a task and dozens of dumplings are created and consumed over the course of the evening.
Learning to cook new foods, like dumplings, that are popular in other countries is a great way to expand your kids’ palates and teach them about different cultures and customs.
Follow the instructions below to make traditional dumplings for your Chinese New Year celebration.
#4: Red Envelopes
When the festivities wind down, somewhere between 12:01 and 2:00 am, the family heads to bed—only to wake up by about 7:00 am so they can go out to visit friends and relatives, hand out red envelopes (hong bao) to the children and wish their friends and neighbors a happy New Year.
Red envelopes are small paper envelopes decorated with Chinese characters and pictures that represent fortune, and are given to children younger than 18. Money is placed inside, anywhere from 100 to 1000 yuan (about $16-160) or more. Traditionally, children were required to bow down to their parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles before they received the red envelopes.
Unlike in many Western cultures, Chinese kids aren’t required to write thank-you notes to the people who give them money; however, their parents are obligated to give an equal amount to the children of the people who gave red envelopes to their child!
You and your kids can say “Wishing you a prosperous New Year,” (Gong Xi Fa Cai in Mandarin; Gong Hey Fat Choy in Cantonese). Then you can write the Chinese characters on an envelope and fill it with money to give your kids.
#5: Make Jiaozi Dumplings
Here’s a list of ingredients and supplies you’ll need to create a batch of dumplings for your family to try.
Chinese dumplings are a delicious hearty meal and a creative way to disguise vegetables. Since dumplings are easy to make, they’re a great cooking activity for you and your children.
I’ll show you how to create homemade pork and cabbage dumplings, plus a sweet and sour vinegar dipping sauce. Packed with meat and vegetables, these are a complete meal the whole family can enjoy as you celebrate the Lunar New Year.
Gather Supplies and Wash and Cut Vegetables
Depending on how much time you have, you can gather the ingredients, wash and cut them yourself or let the kids pitch in. If the ingredients need to be chopped—like the cabbage, scallions, garlic and ginger—have your child wash them, then you can do the chopping.
It helps if you put most of the ingredients in bowls as you chop and measure them.
Tip: Since the sauce uses several of the same ingredients as the dumpling filling, it’s easiest to chop and measure the ingredients for both at the same time.
Wash and cut the cabbage, onion, garlic and ginger, being sure to chop it quite finely. This is probably an “adult” task, but an older child who is experienced in cutting could do this with supervision.
Measure the cabbage. If you’ve got a little extra, just include it. If you have more than a little, set it aside for use in your next meal (it will give your soups and casseroles a wonderful nutrition boost).
To make the filling, put all of the ingredients except the dumpling wrappers in a bowl and stir together.
Make sure all of the meat is mixed in evenly with the other ingredients.
Make the Dipping Sauce
First, place the sugar, garlic, scallions and chili flakes in a bowl.
Add the soy sauce, rice vinegar and sesame oil and stir.
Set the sauce aside to serve with the cooked dumplings.
This is a great opportunity to instill in kids the habit of cleaning up after themselves. Keep a rag handy during the prep and cooking process and you’ll be amazed at how the kids clean up their spills.
Fill the Wrappers
Now that the filling is ready and the sauce is done, it’s time to dig in and start making the dumplings!
Flour your cutting board or other flat surface so the dumplings don’t stick to it or each other while you’re filling them.
Put a dumpling wrapper on the flour, then spoon about 2 teaspoons of the filling in the center of the wrapper.
Fold the wrapper in half, pinching the edges together tightly so the filling doesn’t fall out during the cooking process.
Fill about a dozen wrappers (or all of them!) before you start to cook them.
Cook the Dumplings
Cooking goes much faster than the filling process. You’re just minutes away from tasting your dumplings!
To cook the dumplings:
Fill a large pan or wok about half-full of water and bring it to a boil over a medium heat.
Once it’s boiling, place 10-12 dumplings in the pan. Don’t put too many in or they won’t cook well.
The water will stop boiling when you add the dumplings, but that’s OK.
When the water starts boiling again, add about a cup of cold water to the pot. The water will stop boiling, but leave the flame as it is.
When the water comes to a boil again, add another cup of water.
When the water comes to a boil for the third time, the dumplings are ready.
Use a slotted spoon to remove the dumplings from the pot, or spoon them into a strainer to allow the excess water to drain off.
Put the drained dumplings on a plate and cook the next batch. Repeat this process until all the dumplings are cooked.
Enjoy Your Meal
Now it’s time to dig in and enjoy the fruits of your labor.
Give everyone a small dish of the dipping sauce and a plate of dumplings, then watch them disappear.
Dumplings are such a versatile food; pork and cabbage are just one of the popular fillings. Other flavorful fillings include tomato and egg; carrots and pork; shrimp and pork; and mutton and cabbage. Really, the options are endless!
If you think you won’t be able to eat all of the dumplings, you can place them on a parchment paper-lined baking sheet and freeze them. Once frozen solid, put them in an airtight container and store in the freezer for up to three months. When you’re ready to eat them, just cook using the same method described above.
Some Final Thoughts…
Chinese New Year sounds pretty fun, right? Since it’s probably too late to make a trip to celebrate in the nearest Chinatown, you can make your own decorative firecrackers, print out or write a couplet-like message for the New Year, deliver red money envelopes to all of your favorite kids and cook up some dumplings together.
What do you think? Has your family ever cooked ethnic foods that are new to you? Or has your family done anything to celebrate a holiday that you don’t ordinarily celebrate? I hope you’ll give this recipe a try and let us know about your success in the comments below!
Images from goodcharacters.com.
Between being a wife, mom, teacher and writer, Charlotte attempts to learn Chinese, cook traditional Chinese cuisine and blog about expat life in small-town China at Chinese Potpourri. Other posts by Charlotte Edwards »